The thesis Ad-hoc Formation of Edge Clouds over Heterogeneous Non-dedicated Resources analyzes the challenges presented by IoT Edge devices. It helps to establish the theory that will help build an autonomous and better interconnected world. This thesis has been prepared by the researcher Ana María Juan Ferrer, developed in the doctoral program of Information Technologies and Networks of the Open University of Catalonia (UOC).
Objectives of the thesis
Edge Computing will allow you to create infrastructures between ioT devices in smart homes.
About cloud computing, "cloud computing works as a service that gives access to computing and storage capacity", explains researcher Ana María Juan Ferrer. This creates a paradigm that allows computing services to be offered over a network, usually the Internet. He adds that "technological infrastructures, instead of being purchased, are rented for the right time they are going to be used", while offering specific computer services to those who need them.
For its part, Edge Computing aims to bring these computing services closer to the locations near the point of origin of the data. This "can avoid the latency problems that have been observed in IoT installations when accessing cloud services", highlights the researcher. This reduces delays and connectivity issues. In fact, this is thanks to the fact that "ad hoc Edge Computing is a distributed and decentralized system that is formed from the resources available in IoT devices. In this way you can exploit all the computing power offered by an endless number of connected devices at the edge of the network."
Edge Computing applied to smart buildings
Based on these two concepts, the doctoral thesis focuses on the IoT Edge Cloud and how it can help improve the IoT ecosystem around us. As for resource management, the thesis describes the mechanisms necessary for the creation of ad hoc Edge clusters and their management.
The main contributions of the Edge Cloud ad hoc architecture come from three fundamental aspects. The keys focus on being able to use the IoT devices themselves to perform the computation. It also allows to reinforce the security of this phenomenon to avoid loss of information. Finally, it allows you to decentralize the functions of the services, which avoids a single point of failure.
All this translates into an increase in possibilities. IoT applications are expanding their horizons. They can be used more effectively in increasingly complicated environments such as autonomous cars or smart homes. In smart homes, the IoT will allow you to create personal infrastructures between connected devices. In industrial installations and plants, the formation of ad hoc edge infrastructures between all the elements will allow their semi-autonomous operation.
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