APA stands for American Psychological Association and is a common format style for essays and articles in the social sciences. The APA style has unique formats for text citations and reference pages. Its style and guidelines increase the readability of the reading for viewers, as well as ensure a consistent presentation of content and written material. This way of writing research papers is mainly used in the social sciences, such as psychology, anthropology, sociology, as well as in education and other fields.

Where does the APA style come from?

The APA style originated in 1929, when a group of psychologists, anthropologists, and business managers came together and attempted to establish a simple set of procedures or style guidelines, which would code the many components of scientific writing to increase ease of understanding. Reading. They published their guidelines as a seven-page article in the Psychological Bulletin describing a standard of procedure.

Authors are encouraged to be brief in making their arguments; use of headings to impose logical structure; and subdivision into an introduction, statement of results and discussion. What to cite and how to cite a reference is discussed, and space is given to the use of tables and figures. However, other familiar elements were not yet present and would be added over time. For example, there is no guidance on writing style or grammar. Reference rates were few. There were also no instructions on how to avoid plagiarism or use non-judgmental language to write sensitively about people in general.

Evolution of the APA style

As the APA Style Publishing Manual evolved to its current sixth edition, the content has expanded. Going forward, especially given the explosion of digital technologies now being used to deliver content, APA continues to strive to ensure that clear communication continues. In this way, the scope and extent of the Publications Manual have grown in response to the needs of researchers, students, and educators in the social and behavioral sciences, health care, the natural sciences, the humanities, and more; however, the spirit of the original authors' intent remains.

Why is the APA style needed?

Uniformity and consistency allow readers to focus on the ideas presented and focus on key points, findings, and sources. Style guidelines encourage authors to fully disclose essential information and allow readers to dispense with minor distractions, such as inconsistencies or omissions in punctuation, capitalization, citations in the text, references, and presentation of statistics.

Does the APA style cover everything about writing?

The APA style covers the aspects of academic writing most relevant to writing in psychology, nursing, business, communications, engineering, and related fields. It specifically addresses the preparation of draft manuscripts that are submitted for publication in a journal and the preparation of student papers that are submitted for a course assignment.

The Publications Manual does not cover general rules explained in widely available style books and usage examples of little relevance to the social and behavioral sciences. Among the most useful general guidelines for editorial style are Words Into Type (Skillin & Gay, 1974) and the Chicago Manual of Style (17th edition; University of Chicago Press, 2017). Style manuals agree more often than they disagree. When they disagree, the Publications Manual, because it is based on the special requirements of psychology, takes precedence for APA publications.

How does the APA style work?

When working with the APA style, there are two things to keep in mind: citations in the text and the reference page. Citations in the text will use the author's name and date. These quotes will reference the reference page at the end, which lists all the sources you may have used in your research work. The APA style thus establishes written communication standards on: the organization of content, writing style, citations of references and how to prepare a manuscript for publication in certain disciplines.

Why use the APA style?

In addition to simplifying the work of editors by having everyone use the same format for a given publication, using the APA style makes it easier for readers to understand a text by providing a familiar structure that they can follow. Meeting APA standards as a writer will allow you to: Provide readers with clues they can use to follow your ideas more efficiently and to locate information of interest Allows readers to focus more on their ideas by not distracting them in an unknown format Establish your credibility or ethics in the field by demonstrating an awareness of your audience and their needs as fellow researchers.

Who should use the APA style?

The APA style provides fairly comprehensive guidelines for writing academic papers regardless of subject or discipline. However, traditionally, APA is most often used by writers and students in: Social sciences, such as psychology, linguistics, sociology, economics, and criminology.

The APA Format in general

Covers the basic page layout for a typical APA manuscript. It includes a general list of the basic components of an APA document: title page, abstract, body, and reference page.

Headers and Seriation

Provides templates and examples for section headings used to organize APA documents. Describes how to format lists within the text of APA documents. Footnotes and Endnotes Recommends using footnotes or endnotes to avoid lengthy explanations in the text. It covers two basic types of notes: content and copyright permission notes. APA Reference and Appointment List.

Quotes in text: the basics

Addresses the basic formatting requirements for using the APA style to cite secondary sources within the text of your essay. Provides guidance on how to incorporate different types of references into borrowed material, from short citations to full article summaries.

Quotes in text: authors

It focuses on various details about referring to the authors of your sources within your essay, which can be a difficult task if the source has more than one author or has an unclear author (for example, an organization). Describes how to cite indirect citations, electronic sources, and / or sources without page numbers.

Reference list: basic rules

t guides us through the general rules that apply to any reference list developed in the APA style. It serves as a guide to format the type of references that will be described in more detail on the linked pages below.

Reference list: author / authors

Go through how to build a reference entry for fonts with a wide variety of author settings. Observe how the references differ according to the number of authors or if there are several works by the same author.

Reference list: articles in periodicals

Describes how to accurately refer to articles in academic journals, a very important type of source in academic writing. Lists the types of entries according to the type of periodical (for example, magazine, newspaper, magazine, etc.) and the type of article.

Reference list: books

Describe how to properly refer to book sources. Addresses both the basic book format and the requirements for unique book sources that require additional detail, such as translations or parts of multi-volume works.

Reference list: other printing sources

It offers a short list of rare print fonts with instructions on how to build references for them. Examples include indirect printed citations (that is, one printed source that is cited in another) and government documents.

Reference list: electronic sources

Go through the unique requirements and qualifications to build references for electronic sources. It covers sources from online periodicals and academic databases to emails.

Reference list: audiovisual sources

It provides guidance on all kinds of audiovisual sources, including sound recordings and YouTube clips. It also describes how to cite visual artwork hosted online.

Reference list: other non-printed sources

It focuses primarily on how to reference unusual non-print sources, including presentations and interviews. He points out that personal communication (for example, an interview or conversation) is not included in the reference list.


When style works, ideas flow logically, sources are properly credited, and documents are organized in a predictable and consistent way. A language is used that affirms their value and dignity. The authors plan ethical compliance and report critical details of their research protocol to allow readers to evaluate the findings and other researchers to potentially replicate the studies.

Tables and figures present data in an attractive and consistent way. Whether you use the APA style for a single class or throughout your career, we encourage you to recognize the benefits of a conscientious approach to writing. Although the guidelines cover many areas and take time and practice to learn, we hope that they provide a balance of directivity and flexibility and eventually become a habit for your written work. At Online-tesis.com, we are experts in APA Style, so you can pass your thesis with all the formalities required by your University. We are here to fulfill your dream.

Bibliographic References

Bentley, M., Peerenboom, C. A., Hodge, F. W., Passano, E. B., Warren, H. C., & Washburn, M. F. (1929). Instructions in regard to preparation of manuscript. Psychological Bulletin, 26(2), 57–63.

Skillin, M. E., & Gay, R. M. (1974). Words into type (3rd ed. rev.). Prentice Hall.

University of Chicago Press. (2017). Chicago Manual of Style (17th ed.).

APA Standards

El Estilo APA

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