We will present features of the research process that in general are similar in the thesis of degree, masters and doctorate, understanding that each one has different purposes and levels of depth. In fact, some experts only call the thesis to the doctoral thesis.
1. The previous steps
You must complete a series of previous steps when completing a thesis. First, get the regulations related to the delivery of degree projects, degree reports, thesis or dissertations at your university.
Investigate if you must submit a preliminary project and consider the following processes before starting the investigation:
a. The rules of presentation and delivery of the thesis
Universities stipulate deadlines, aesthetics or presentation rules, conditions that must be met by a tutor and all the prerequisites that a student must meet to submit a thesis.
Also, you should know what are the citation rules that will be used in degree work. The most used are the APA standards, but many study centers have their regulations to cite sources in academic papers.
b. The thesis tutor or methodological advisor
We recommend choosing a tutor with experience in the area of knowledge of the thesis. You can also ask for their guidance to define the problem of studies.
The tutor will guide the entire investigation process. Many times, tutors propose the use of certain theories and recommend the application of certain research methods.
2. The research problem
Everything in science starts with a problem identified by the researcher. The problem must be raised before undertaking scientific research work.
That is why generally the first chapter of the thesis is called "The Problem" and exposes a "Problem Statement".
The problem has to be identified and delimited before being raised. To do this, the researcher must perform two key steps:
a. Research of the scientific background:
Before investigating a problem as you have raised it, you should investigate whether other scientists or researchers have previously done a job like the one you intend to do.
Knowing the scientific background allows us to approach and delimit the issue in a novel way: it is possible to address parts of the problem excluded by some researchers and it is also valid to follow the path of previous research, developing them from the point at which they culminated.
b. Investigation of the problem as defined:
When the scientific background is known, the researcher begins to draw on the information available in various sources about the problem. It is at this time that it is proposed to delve into its characteristics, relationships, and elements of the problem today.
These two actions are what will lead to the elaboration of a Problem Statement, without them it is not possible to do. Both can develop simultaneously. The objective is for the researcher to be clear about the problem to be investigated and what were the contributions of previous research.
3. The formulation of the problem and the objectives of the research
With the previous step, you can easily and fluently approach the problem because you will have enough knowledge about the subject and you will properly choose the information required for it.
With the problem statement comes the problem formulation. This consists of exposing the research problem with a clear idea. The problem is formulated with a question or a non-interrogative phrase.
After that, the general objective and the specific objectives are explained, as well as the justification of the investigation. In general, a delimitation of the investigation is exposed since it is information that helps to clarify the research problem.
4. The theoretical framework
The theoretical framework gathers all the theoretical components necessary for the understanding of the subject. It is like the manual so that any reader of the thesis can understand what is being talked about.
It deals in detail with each characteristic of the problem, it also describes the entire context surrounding the problem, as well as the general elements in which it is immersed.
5. The methodological framework
Each thesis needs a methodology to be carried out. The methodology is the path through which the research objectives will be achieved.
In the methodology, all the steps to carry out the thesis will be detailed. These will vary completely if it is a thesis for the exact sciences or if it is done in the field of social sciences.
The methods used in both differ from each other. The entire methodology will address these aspects precisely.
6. The analysis of the results or the interpretation process
Depending on the scientific branch within which the thesis is developed, the following steps are aimed at analyzing the results of the application of the methodology.
For this, a chapter is elaborated that is generally called “Analysis of Results”, whose function is indicated by its name. In other research, this is an interpretive chapter.
7. Presentation of proposals or products.
When a thesis is conducive to making products or proposing proposals, a chapter is added to teach these productions. It is not mandatory in all theses.
8. Conclusions and final sections
The final chapter addresses the conclusions of the research work. Special sections are also developed for references and research annexes.
Broadly speaking, these are the steps you should go if you wonder how to do a thesis. Our specialists wait for you to contact them through the quote form or direct chat. We also have confidential communication channels such as WhatsApp and Messenger.