Quote with APA norms, it constituted an advance for the American Psychological Association, from which the name of this regulation comes. Since their emergence in 1929, these professionals had a rigorous methodological basis to do their research and scientific studies.

What these professionals may not have imagined at first, is that the first APA Publications Manual, was going to take a great boom in the methodological field. It outlines the detailed regulations of a standardized scientific document presentation format style

But not only that, but this type of regulation to cite bibliographic references in academic and scientific studies and research, has allowed coding several components of scientific writing. So, quoting with APA standards, facilitates the understanding of reading.

So if you want to know how quotes should be placed in academic or scientific papers through the use of APA Standards, be sure to read this article. We present some news about these regulations.

What are APA Standards used for?

APA Standards Quotes


The APA standards serve to define how they will use some elements such as:

  • Document format.
  • Use of abbreviations.
  • Margins.
  • Use of punctuation signs.
  • Font size and type of letters.
  • Quotation of references.
  • Elaboration of tables and figures.

How to use References and Bibliography in APA Standards?

One of the most important elements in the presentation format of the APA Standards are bibliographic references. They are the sources of support used to support the arguments made in the investigations.

At the time of writing an academic or scientific investigation, it is necessary to take into consideration that there are several types of quotes. Some that are literal and others that are based on the paraphrases of the ideas expressed by the author that is being taken into account to support the study.

Textual quote

APA References

It is one in which an article or another type of scientific or academic research must be a quote with APA standards. We have to extract from text ideas or fragments that are taken at face value. That is, as they have been expressed by the author in the post.

What should be included in this type of quote?

To use this type of quote, you must include the author's last name, the year in which the text was published and the page on which the fragment or idea that is being used appears. The format of the quote may vary depending on whether the emphasis is placed on the text or the author.

Also, when phrases or words are omitted in the quotation, they must be replaced using ellipses (…).


Types of textual quotes

Quote with more than 40 words

In the case of quotations that have more than 40 words, these are written with indentation and without quotes or italics. It has to be placed apart from the text being written.

This kind of quotation has the particularity that the organization of the bibliographic reference data can vary according to whether the emphasis is placed on the author or the text.

So that, when the quotation focuses on the author, before transcribing the idea or fragment, the first surname of the author must be written in the middle of a parenthesis. This have to be done next to the year of publication of his text, separated by a comma. Then you have to add the number of the page where the text appears after you have copied the appointment that is being used.

Example of a quote based on the author

Likewise, those moments were also characterized by the existence of so many human losses, as well as injured in the fighting. This is added to the fact that there were missing professionals and qualified personnel to work. According to national welfare because many of these people had left the country motivated by the difficult living conditions that were in that territory as Ramirez (2016) puts it:

The fall of the Somoza dictatorship probably represented the moment of greatest national consensus reached in the entire history of Nicaragua. The union and commitment of the great majority of the Nicaraguan people to reach the common goal of starting a new era of democratization and social justice faced. Now, the challenge of being embodied in a government that adopted specific laws and policies. So, in 1979 and with the creation of the National Reconstruction Government Board, the FSLN, distancing itself from the orthodoxy of the political left prevailing at that time and in search of social stability, proposes a program based on the implementation of a mixed economy, a political pluralism and a foreign policy based on non-alignment. All this under a scheme of revolutionary hegemony, in which the fusion between the State, the army, mass organizations, and ideological apparatuses responded to a single political will. (p.17)

On the other hand, quoting APA Standards when the fragment or idea is based on the text, requires that at the end of the selected text the first surname of the author be written in parentheses. It has to be followed by the year of publication of its text and the page on which it appears the writing reflected, separating this data by means of a comma.

Example of a quote based on the text

It has increased, the precariousness of employment and poverty linked to the labor market has increased. More than 3 million Mexican workers do not receive remuneration. More than 6 million receive up to a minimum wage or less, more than 30 million do not have access to health and more than 13 million deals in the informal economy ... (Cornejo, 2013, p. 651)

Quote with less than 40 words

The way to quote bibliography with APA Standards when ideas or fragments are composed of less than 40 words, is to write the text in the same wording. Also you have to add an endpoint after having copied the quotation for later, the data and write them in the middle of some brackets.

As in the quotation of more than 40 words, this kind of bibliographic reference can also be based on the text or the author.

Therefore, to quote with APA standards an article or research that is based on the author, the author's data must be written by adding the first name and the year of publication of your text before copying the fragment or idea.

Then, it is necessary to place an endpoint after this text and in the middle of a parenthesis, write the page of the text in which the information of the quote is reflected.

Example of a quote based on the author

In this sense, a country like China has been concerned with the image it has projected in the Western world.  In the words of Cornejo, (2013): “He has given importance to how his country is perceived by Mexican society. Especially as part of a general reaction to the creation in the Western press of the perception of the Asian country as a threat in various fields” (p. 659)

In relation to the way of quoting with APA Standards when these ideas or fragments are based on the text, the selected text is first written without using italics and using quotation marks because it is a literal text.

Subsequently, we must add a point and copy the author's first name, the year of publication of his text and the page on which the quotation is, separating them by using commas.

Example of a quote based on the text

In this way, going back to both Hellenic and Latin thought, in which Greek and Roman philosophers reflected on the world, inquiring about leisure, which the Greeks called "Skole". This concept refers to: “Opportunities that existed for happiness, or the same happiness. As opposed to work and with all tasks that have an 'external' purpose,” (Roque, 2008, p.7). Being able to envision that leisure in these times it was conceived as an unquestionable value in the lives of human beings. It was associated with the acts of contemplation in which people engaged in the exercise of intelligence and the development of intellectual activities, which were of utmost importance for experience a joy or amusement, even on a spiritual level.

Paraphrase Quote

APA Rules

It is one in which the author of the investigation, making an interpretation of the ideas of a recognized author in order to sustain critically his ideas and convictions, paraphrases the essence of the literal quotation.

In this type of quotations, quotation marks are not used. It is a free reading that the researcher makes of the textual quotation. But is interspersed with scientific work.

As for these kinds of citations, as in the previous ones, it can also have an emphasis on the author or the text according to how it is used.

In this way, if the bibliographic reference is based on the author, before making the paraphrase of the textual quotation, the author's last name is placed. Then the year of publication of the text is written in the middle of parentheses.



Example of a quote based on the author

In this way, according to the Sandinista National Liberation Front, it manages to end the long Somocista dictatorship, entering possession in Managua on July 19, 1979. Assuming all government responsibilities through the National Reconstruction Government Board, having in his hands a huge challenge. Especially in view of the great economic, political and social deterioration in which the country was located. In the words of Ramirez (2016) this organization was intended to achieve social liberation of the popular classes. This have to be done without being based in pre-established theses. But through the results evidenced through a praxis and a revolutionary action that was direct. That is, from a permanent combination of actions that were properly revolutionary.

So that, when the paraphrased quotation has an emphasis on the text, the author's data is placed, after having written the paraphrase of the quotation. We have to write the author's first surname and the year of publication of the text, separated by a comma.

Example of a quote based on the text

In addition, it should also be noted that there is competition between China and Mexico in terms of marketing with the United States. Noting that at present, China has taken control of the export of some of the materials and products that Mexico previously assumed. This has brought difficulties to Mexican producers in view of the fact that the products they offer. Especially footwear, textiles and toys that are part of their tradition. They have been greatly deteriorated in this market in relation to the Chinese they emerged in the market of this North American country. (Cornejo, 2013)

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